Volume 8 Number 2 Year - 2014
Number of articles: 11
EXPERIMENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF BIO-BASED POLYMER MATRIX BUILDING MATERIAL AND FISH BONE DIAGRAM FOR MATERIAL EFFECT ON QUALITY
Authors: Asmamaw Tegegne, Tekalegn Argu
Abstract: These days cost of building materials are continuously increasing and the conventional construction materials for this particular purpose become low and low. The weight of conventional construction materials particularly building block is heavy and costly due to particularly cement. Thus, the objective of this paper is to develop an alternative light weight, high strength and relatively cost effective building material that satisfy the quality standard used in the country. A bio-based polymer matrix composite material for residential construction was experimentally developed. Sugar cane bagasse, thermoplastics (polyethylene g roup) sand and red ash were used as materials alternatively. Mixing of the additives,melting of the hermoplastics, molding and curing (drying)were the common methods used on the forming process of the samples. Mechanical behavior evaluation (testing) of the product was carried out. Totally 45 specimens were produced and three replicate tests were performed per each test type. Quality analysis was carried out for group B material using Ishikawa diagram. The tensile strength of group A specimen was approximately 3 times greater than that of group B specimens. The compression strength of group A specimens were nearly 2 times greater than group B. Comparing to the conventional building materials(concert block and agrostone)produced in the country, which the compression strength is 7Mpa and 16Mpa respectively, the newly produced materials show much better results in which Group A is 25.66 Mpa and group B is 16.66 Mpa. energy absorption capacity of group A specimens was approximately 3 times better than that of group B. Water absorption test was carried out for both groups and both showed excellent resistivity. Group A composite material specimens, showed better results in all parameters.
Keywords: bio polymer matrix composite, residential building, mechanical test, bagasse, thermoplastics, Ishikawa diagram
Article info: pp. 277-292
Recieved: 03.03.2014  Accepted: 29.05.2014  UDC: 006.73   Downloads: 607